Courtesy of the Kansas Historical Society

1006: Susanna Salter

The First Elected Female Mayor in US History

Born: 2 March 1860, Belmont County, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 17 March 1961, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America

Susanna served Argonia, Kansas after being elected in 1887. She was voted in thirty-two years before American women received universal suffrage with the passing of the nineteenth amendment.

Susanna attended college but had to leave six weeks before graduation after falling ill. She did meet her future husband while in school however, and they married in 1880.

Susanna and her husband moved to Argonia in 1882. Susanna’s father bought the hardware store where her husband worked to help out the growing family. Soon enough, Susanna’s husband began studying to pass the Kansas bar to practice as a lawyer.

Susanna’s father became the first mayor of Argonia, while her husband served as city clerk. Kansas voted to enfranchise women in certain cities and villages, including sleepy Argonia.

In 1884, Susanna became actively involved in politics. The local chapter of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union was interested in ensuring the already passed prohibition laws in Kansas were going to stay in enforcement. Susanna presided over the caucus for the WCTU as they decided who they would back in the local election.

Some of the men in town got a little miffed when they realized women were moving into the political sphere. In order to get back at those upstart women, these angry men decided to submit a list of candidates of their own for consideration. The men copied the WCTU’s list exactly; with one exception. The angry men placed Susanna’s name on the list for mayor. She was the only woman eligible to be a candidate from the WCTU because she was the only woman who lived within the town limits. The angry men assumed the women would vote the way the WCTU wanted, and that the other men would never dare vote for a woman.

The angry men were wrong.

Susanna had no idea her name had been placed on the ballots until the morning of the election. At the time, candidates didn’t actually have to be made aware they were literally up for political office. The angry men simply had ballots printed with her name on them, and come the morning of the election, the voters of Argonia were stunned to see Susanna’s name right there in black and white.

The Republican faction in Argonia spotted an opportunity when it was presented to them. A group of Republican men raced over to Susanna’s house, where they found her doing her family’s laundry. The Republicans asked Susanna if she would accept the mayoral position if she won the election. When she agreed to it, the Republicans vowed they would see Susanna elected to get back at the angry men who were trying to pull a dirty trick on her.

Susanna’s husband was incensed when he found out Susanna’s name was on the ballot. He was even more upset when she told him she was willing to serve if elected. Susanna refused to back down, and that afternoon she and her parents went down and voted. Susanna followed the rules of etiquette and refused to vote for herself, leaving the box for mayoral candidate blank.

The women of the WCTU decided to turn against their own candidate and voted for Susanna in droves. She ended up earning a two-thirds majority win for the position of mayor.

Now, to be fair, the entire population of Argonia was only around 500 to begin with, so its not like Susanna was bringing in thousands of votes, but even still, her win was remarkable.

Instead of embarrassing her and proving women had no place in politics, the angry men had just ensured the election of America’s first female mayor. Whoops.

Once her win was announced, Susanna’s husband checked his attitude and proudly announced he was the “Husband of the Mayor.”
Susanna’s term in office was one year and her salary one dollar (though she spent much more than her salary just answering fan mail). Instead of ruling over Argonia with an iron fist, Susanna reassured the council of men that she was merely their presiding officer.

Not much happened politically in Argonia that year. The council did arrest two men for refusing to purchase licenses and they warned a couple of teenagers to stop throwing rocks at vacant buildings. Otherwise Susanna managed to keep the town from spontaneously combusting, as I’m sure some of the angry men thought would happen if a woman ever rose to a place of political power.

Though not much actually happened in Argonia during that year Susanna was mayor, she did manage to capture the attention of reporters around the country. Correspondents from newspapers from coast to coast were sent to the sleepy town to interview residents and watch over council meetings, to see how Susanna conducted business. By and large, the country was impressed with how well Susanna kept everything together.

The newspapers were even more impressed when they learned America’s first female mayor had also managed to give birth to a child while in office. I know, hold everything people, a woman did something many many women around the world do—carried a child and given birth to it while still working at a day job. Shocking!

Susanna would actually have nine children in all (according to Wikipedia—seven are listed on Find a Grave). That to me is more impressive than giving birth while in office. She was also only twenty-seven when she was elected, only stood five feet three inches tall, only weighed one hundred and twenty-eight pounds, and most shocking of all (I’m using sarcasm here), some newspapers noted Susanna had never hired any domestic help for her household. Actually, the fact that she had nine kids and no help is really incredible, but that’s not actually why people were shocked as you can imagine.

Susanna wasn’t just famous in the United States. Her name and photo appeared in newspapers in South Africa, Sweden, and more. Susanna received congratulatory letters from people in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, and other places in Europe.

Susanna was even invited to speak at the Kansas Women’s Equal Suffrage Association. She was introduced at the event by Susan B Anthony, who introduced Susanna by saying, “Why, you look just like any other woman, don't you?"

After Susanna’s single year in office, she declined to run for re-election. Susanna and her family continued to live in Argonia until 1893, when they moved to Oklahoma. For ten years, the Salters homesteaded and farmed. After a decade of roughing it though, they moved to Augusta, where Susanna’s husband became a practicing lawyer and started a newspaper. In 1916, Susanna’s husband died, and the family moved closer to the state university so her younger children could continue going to school.

In 1933, Susanna returned to Argonia for a ceremony in which the citizens honored her with a bronze plaque. When Susanna turned ninety, she announced she would walk a mile on every birthday she had for the remainder of her life. At ninety-four, Susanna was still living alone in an apartment, cooking and cleaning up after herself. She had a hearing aid by then, but otherwise was unencumbered by her age.

Susanna passed away only days after her one hundred and first birthday. Now that’s a life worth celebrating.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located In My Personal Library:

Who Knew? Women in History by Sarah Herman

Sources:

https://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-historical-quarterly-susanna-madora-salter/13106

https://www.kshs.org/kansapedia/susanna-madora-salter/12191

https://www.womenshistory.org/susanna-madora-salter

http://www.herhatwasinthering.org/biography.php?id=7639

https://kansasleadershipcenter.org/susanna-salter/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susanna_M._Salter

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/38837870/susanna-madora-salter

 

Courtesy of Wikipedia

“In my imagination I walk through our Dayton home, looking for [Orville] and all the dear family things that made my home. But I never find [Orville], and I have lost my old home forever, I fear.”

912: Katharine Wright Haskell

Most Known for Being the Sister of Orville and Wilbur Wright

Born: 19 August 1874, Dayton, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 3 March 1929, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America

Katharine was also a high school teacher.

Katharine was the youngest Wright sibling, the only girl to survive infancy, and was born on her brother Orville’s third birthday.

When their mother died so did seemingly all of Katharine’s prospects of marriage. Mrs. Wright died just shy of Katharine’s fifteenth birthday, and the loss affected her deeply. Katharine’s father was a traveling minister, who had relied on his wife to run the household and entertain guests while he was away. With Katharine’s mother dead, the young teenager had to take over her mother’s social responsibilities in their entirety. This meant she hardly had time to think, let alone try to find a husband.

Some biographers have speculated further on Katharine’s lack of a marriage in her younger years. Katharine, Orville, and Wilbur were the three youngest Wright siblings, and were especially close. It has been posited that the three siblings vowed to never marry, and instead focus on each other. Whether or not this is true is unknown, but it is true that Orville and Wilbur never did marry.

Katharine had an outgoing personality and was very pretty. She had lots of male admirers but wouldn’t actually get hitched until after her fiftieth birthday. Instead of a secret pact she made with her brothers, a more obvious explanation for this could have been Katharine’s sense of duty to her family and caring for her father as he aged.

In 1893, Katharine’s father insisted she attend Oberlin College to obtain a teaching degree. Katharine became the only Wright sibling to earn a college degree and was able to become a teacher. While in school, Katharine also met the man she would eventually marry; Harry Haskell. However, Katharine and Harry didn’t immediately become involved. Instead, they were both engaged to other people! Katharine’s engagement ended without her ever walking down the aisle.

It took Katharine five years to earn her degree—partly because she had missed a portion of her junior year to help nurse her brother Orville back to health after falling ill with typhoid fever. At first, Katharine failed to find a teaching position, starting her career as a substitute in 1899.

Katharine also resumed her post as head of the Wright household after graduation. She hired a maid to help with the cooking and cleaning but had inherited some of her father’s authoritarian attitude. According to wright-brothers.org; at the beginning of one school year Orville asked his sister for a list of the week’s “victims” and that he was glad her students were receiving some of her ire for a change as opposed to just her family.

By 1901, Katharine had received a full-time teaching position. She taught beginner’s Latin, an exciting prospect seeing as she’d excelled at Latin and Greek in college. Around the same time, Orville and Wilbur’s work on their now-famous flying machine really ramped up. Katharine was equal parts excited and annoyed by her brother’s experiments, complaining that she had nowhere to go in the house for a moment of peace but also knowing she would miss them as soon as they left to test the machine out in North Carolina in 1902. Their first flight (and the first time man ever flew in an airplane) occurred in late 1903.

In 1906, after Wilbur and Orville secured a patent for their flying machine, they decided to begin selling it to interested buyers. Katharine joined the venture and worked as their executive secretary. She answered queries, wrote to newspapers to correct their inaccurate reports, and screened some of the business offers the brothers received. She even got the go ahead from her brothers to allow the Webster Dictionary to publish a photo of the Wright Glider; and she did all of this while still working as a Latin teacher.

Katharine had previously worked for and with her brothers as well. When the brothers left to test out their flying machines in North Carolina, Katharine stayed behind to run their bicycle store: paying bills and everything else needed to keep the shop afloat.

By 1908, both Wilbur and Orville were traveling out of Ohio to demonstrate the glider and secure further business ventures. Katharine was left behind to keep things running at home. She also was left nursing her nephew (from another brother) through typhoid fever. Katharine’s stress increased even more when her school district decided to cut the salaries of female teachers. Katharine’s nephew recovered, but soon after she received word Orville had been in an accident and broke several bones. Katharine was on the train to Washington DC within two hours of receiving the news, leaving her students to a substitute teacher.

When Katharine arrived in the capital, she learned the accident had been worse than previously reported. Besides having a broken leg and several shattered ribs, Orville had also suffered a concussed spine and several scalp lacerations. The passenger on Orville’s flight, a lieutenant in the US Army, had died. Lt. Thomas Selfridge was the first person to ever die in an airplane accident.

For the next six weeks, Katharine worked to nurse her brother, keep the business venture afloat, and even helped investigate what caused the crash. A few months later, Katharine and Orville set sail for France to meet up with Wilbur. Upon arrival, Katharine’s position within the Wright company expanded even more, and she now worked as her brothers’ social secretary as well. She spent two hours each day learning French and spent the rest of the day meeting with potential investors and customers. Wilbur and Orville were lousy at meeting and selling their gliders, but Katharine shown when given the opportunity. She even won over the King of Spain with her dazzling smile.

While in France, Katharine became the third woman to ever fly in an airplane. One of her flights happened before the King of England, in an attempt to prove that even young and impressionable women could survive the adventure. Katharine’s efforts with the airplane and the Wright company didn’t go unnoticed by the French press, and by the time the three siblings left the government had awarded all three of them the Legion of Honor. Katharine remains one of the few American women who can claim that honor.

Upon their return to America, Katharine was heralded by her hometown of Dayton as well as receiving several honors alongside her brothers in Washington DC. While there, Katharine ran into an old friend from Oberlin—Harry Haskell, who was working as a journalist in the capital. Later that same year, Orville was able to pick up where he’d left off the US Army the year before, and after the newest Wright flyer debuted, the Army purchased their first airplane.

Soon after, the Germans became interested as well. With business booming and no end to her work with her brothers in sight, Katharine resigned from her teaching position to work with her brothers’ full time. However, soon after, American investors took over the Wright company, and Katharine no longer had a position within it. She did have enough money she didn’t have to worry about going back to work though.

Katharine pivoted her focus to volunteer work instead. She was an active campaigner for women’s suffrage, the director of the Women’s League of Dayton, and she was able to oversee the construction of the new Wright family home. Called Hawthorn Hill, the Wright home was built just outside of Dayton in Oakwood.

In May of 1912, Wilbur came down with typhoid fever, and he died. Both Katharine and Orville were stunned, but also blamed Wilbur’s death on overwork. He’d spent the past few years in and out of court, fighting to protect the patent for the Wright flyers.

Orville took over as president of the company, while Katharine became the secretary. If anyone purchased stock in the Wright company during that period of time, they would receive a stock signed by both Katharine and Orville. However, Orville wasn’t happy in his role as executive of the company and missed Wilbur terribly.

In 1915, Orville sold the Wright company completely, and built a small research laboratory instead. He and Katharine had said good riddance to the business once and for all as they fought for something much more important: preserving Orville and Wilbur’s work, and their hard-earned place in history. The year before, a man had purchased a flying machine that had been built before the Wrights' but had never managed to actually fly. This new guy made over thirty changes to the machine and finally managed to get it in the air. Normally this wouldn’t have even made headlines, but it just so happens that this new/old machine had originally been built by the now-deceased former director of the Smithsonian Institute. As soon as it became airborne, the Smithsonian claimed they were responsible for the first manned flight, not Orville and Wilbur.

Obviously, this wasn’t true, and Katharine and Orville were out to preserve their good name. The fight wasn’t fully resolved until the early 1940’s, when the Smithsonian finally relented and agreed the Wright flyer was the first true flying machine that worked. The original flyer from the 1903 flight wouldn’t be donated to the Smithsonian until 1948, after Orville’s death (though to be fair, Orville and Wilbur had tried to donate it years earlier, soon after they made history. The Smithsonian declined to accept at that time).

One of Katharine and Orville’s allies in their fight was the journalist, and Katharine’s old friend, Harry Haskell. Soon after, Harry and Katharine were both invited to join Oberlin College’s board of trustees. Katharine was only the second woman ever so honored.

In 1923, Harry’s wife passed away from cancer. The friendship that had been rekindled so many years before blossomed into something more as Katharine and Harry wrote often, exchanging numerous letters. Two years later, the pair realized they were in love (they hadn’t even seen each other in person in years, this was all through letters) and a few months later, after they did meet in person again, they decided to get married.

Katharine was happy to finally be happy and in love, but she was also worried. She didn’t want to leave Orville behind; the pair had grown even closer after Wilbur’s unexpected death, and since their father had died in 1917, they had done almost everything together—even adopting a puppy!

Katharine was so worried about telling Orville the news, she kept putting it off and putting it off. Finally, in May of 1926, Harry finally told Orville of his intentions to marry Katharine. Orville went into a complete depression after hearing the news. He relied on Katharine entirely for all of his social interactions. If she got married, he would have to deal with people himself; gross.

Now, I know what you might be thinking, and I want to be incredibly clear on this. Though Orville and Katharine were incredibly close; they lived together and were each other’s best friends, that was all there was to it. There was nothing incestuous about the relationship at all. Even though Orville was acting like Katharine had cheated on him, she was not! At all! He was just extremely shy and hated dealing with people and was used to his little sister dealing with them for him. Can you blame him for being upset? People are the worst.

On 20 November 1926, Katharine and Harry married in Oberlin, then moved to Kansas City. She never saw Hawthorn Hill again. Though Orville was refusing to speak with her, Katharine’s new life was otherwise extremely happy and fulfilling. She became close with her new stepson, Harry got a promotion, and in 1944 he even won a Pulitzer Prize for his journalistic efforts (though Katharine didn’t live to see this, sadly).

In 1929, Katharine and Harry were supposed to set sail for a vacation in Greece and Italy. They never got on board the boat, however. Katharine had been feeling ill and was diagnosed with pneumonia. Another of the Wright brothers arrived to check on her and immediately sent for Orville. Though Katharine and Orville hadn’t spoken since before her wedding, he got on the train.

Orville arrived in Kansas City one day before Katharine died. She was only fifty-four years old. She is buried alongside her parents and her brothers, Wilbur and Orville, whom she had given so many years of hard work and dedication too.

Upon Orville’s death, he bequeathed in his will $300,000 to Oberlin College, as a final gift to his sister. The money was worth more than $1 Million today. The school used the money to build the Wright Laboratory of Physics, which is still used by the school today.

Katharine's widow, Harry, requested a fountain be built in her honor and dedicated on Oberlin's campus. A recreation of the fountain still exists today, and was restored in 2007. The iconography of the statue was designed and chosen by Harry to commemorate his and Katharine's love of all things ancient Roman and Greek.

In 2020, Katharine began to retake her rightful place in history with the news of a new graphic novel. Aimed at teaching kids fun facts about history, the first in the series is called The Wrong Wrights (Smithsonian announcement article linked below). Here's to hoping someday soon, when taught the history of aviation, school kids everywhere are taught about the Wright Siblings, as opposed to just the Wright Brothers.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located In My Personal Library:

After the Fact: The Surprising Fates of American History's Heroes, Villains, and Supporting Characters by Owen Hurd

Sources:

http://www.wright-brothers.org/Information_Desk/Just_the_Facts/Wright_Family/Katharine_Wright/Katharine_Wright.htm

https://www.nps.gov/people/katharine-wright.htm

https://wrightstories.com/the-wright-brothers-plus-one-the-influence-of-their-sister/

https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/wright-brothers/online/who/1859/katharine.cfm

https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/wright-brothers/online/icon/feud.cfm

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/31769874/katharine-haskell

Graphic Novel Announcement: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/new-graphic-novel-writes-the-wright-brothers-sister-back-into-history-180958103/?utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=socialmedia

Courtesy of the Harriet Taylor Upton House

860: Harriet Taylor Upton

The First Female Vice Chairman of the National Republican Executive Committee

Born: 17 December 1853, Ravenna, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 2 November 1945, Pasadena, California, United States of America

Harriet was a Women’s Suffrage Movement leader and high society lady in Washington DC. Her mentor was Susan B Anthony. Back home in Ohio, she started the Ohio Women in Convention to further her activist work on the stateside.

Harriet first moved to Washington DC after her widowed father was appointed to congress. It was there that Harriet learned to work as a society lady as hostess for her father. She married in 1884 but would have no children.

Harriet served as Treasurer of the National Woman’s Suffrage Association for fifteen years. Harriet’s work in the suffrage movement was different from other renowned suffrage leaders. Far from being hated or despised, Harriet was described in the Washington Post thusly: "Mrs. Upton is without a doubt the best liked and wisest suffrage worker in the country.  Always in times of stress, the other state leaders have to call on Mrs. Upton."

She was involved with many other boards and societies as well from Red Cross Chapters to school boards. Her activism in Washington DC led her to know and become friends with Presidents Hayes, Garfield, McKinley, Harding, and Hoover.

Harriet was also an advocate for fair child labor laws; and she was instrumental in seeing the first law in the United States created to protect children workers.

Harriet was also an author. She wrote historical accounts and children’s books alike. As though she wasn’t busy enough with everything else, Harriet was also a member of the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and founded the Warren Chapter in her home state of Ohio.

In 1926, Harriet also ran (albeit unsuccessfully) for the House of Representatives. She was also the first woman elected to the Warren, Ohio Board of Education, where she served for fifteen years, and was the first woman elected to the vestry of the Christ Episcopal Church.

Harriet lost her home of sixty years in an auction during the Great Depression but today the home is the location of the Upton House Museum.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Sources:

https://ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Harriet_T._Upton

http://www.uptonhouse.org/HTayor.html

http://www.herhatwasinthering.org/biography.php?id=7488

http://www.uptonhouse.org/index.html

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/107020067/harriet-upton

Courtesy of AAGPBL

703: Dorothy Kamenshek

All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Player

Born: 21 December 1925, Norwood, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 17 May 2010, Palm Desert, California, United States of America

Also Known As: Dottie or Kammie

Dottie played softball around town as a kid and was spotted by the AAGPBL at the age of seventeen. She played for the Rockford Peaches from 1943 to 1951 and then a final season in 1953. She is widely seen as one of the inspirations for Geena Davis’s character Dottie in A League of Their Own.

In 1950, a men’s team from the Florida International Baseball League attempted to recruit her but Dottie turned it down thinking it was a publicity stunt.

While with the girls’ league she was struck out only 81 out of 3,736 times!

Dottie worked as a physical therapist and then worked for the Los Angeles Crippled Children’s Service Department after leaving baseball.

The AAGPBL has been immortalized in the aforementioned film A League of Their OwnFor those who haven’t seen the film, the AAGPBL was an all girls’ baseball league originally organized to replace men’s baseball during World War II. Because the majority of the male players had been drafted, baseball teams across the country couldn't play, and it was feared the baseball fields themselves would shutter and close. Philip K Wrigley, of Wrigley's Chewing Gum fame, formed a committee to find a solution to the problem. The AAGPBL was formed as a result.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Sources:

https://www.aagpbl.org/profiles/dorothy-kamenshek-kammie/67

https://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/22/sports/baseball/22kamenshek.html

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Dorothy-Kamenshek

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/52697595/dorothy-kamenshek

Courtesy of History

 “Woman’s ability to earn money is a better protection against the tyranny and brutality of man than her ability to vote.”

627: Victoria Woodhull

The First Woman to Run for United States President

Born: 23 September 1838, Homer, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 9 June 1927, Bredon, Worcestershire, United Kingdom

Victoria was a women’s suffrage advocate and social reformer.

Raised in a rural frontier town, Victoria was the seventh of ten children. She received very little education, and her parents were less than ideal. Victoria’s mother was illiterate, and her father was a petty criminal. She married for the first time when she was only fifteen, eloping with a medicine salesman who claimed to be a doctor. Though the pair would have two children together, it was an unhappy marriage. For one thing, Victoria’s husband was a womanizing alcoholic. For another, Victoria had to work outside the family to earn money to support them. And finally, both children suffered disabilities growing up, with Victoria’s second labor, with her daughter, going so badly she nearly bled to death thanks to her husband’s ineptitude.

In the 1860’s, Victoria and her sister Tennessee began working as clairvoyants to earn money for their families. In 1864, after eleven years of marriage, Victoria divorced her first husband. Victoria next had a relationship with a veteran of the War Between the States, and though they claimed to have wed in 1866, no documentation to support the marriage claims have survived to modern day. A few years later, Victoria and her sister Tennie became spiritual advisors to Cornelius Vanderbilt, more about that relationship below.

So, what else did Victoria do besides be the first woman to run for president? Well, I’m glad you asked.

She was the first female stockbroker on Wall Street, and one of the first two women to speak before a congressional committee. If all that isn’t impressive enough, Victoria and her sister Tennessee became the first two women to have a bank and brokerage firm on Wall Street (funded by Cornelius Vanderbilt). However, despite being successful stockbrokers, the sisters would be denied a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. No woman would be granted that privilege until 1967. Victoria was also the first woman in the United States to publish a weekly newspaper (however, this fact has been disputed by some, claiming the real contender for this would be Mary Katherine Goddard).

There were, and are, a few issues with Victoria’s candidacy which should be mentioned. For one thing, Victoria wasn’t old enough to be president. Per the United States Constitution, anyone holding the office of President must be at least thirty-five years of age, which Victoria wasn’t. It is also unclear if she received any votes on election day. She certainly didn’t receive any electoral votes, and her name didn't appear pre-printed on any ballets. At the time, some of her political adversaries also stated Victoria could not run for office because she wasn’t a citizen, because you know, she was a woman. Obviously that final point would not even be considered today; women are eligible to be citizens in the United States.

It should also be noted that while Victoria initially drew support from other suffrage advocates like Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they would eventually withdraw their support of Victoria because they viewed her and her beliefs as too radical for them to be able to support.

Victoria ended up spending the day of the presidential election the year she ran (1872) in prison for spreading obscene imagery through the United States Postal System. Victoria ran under the Equal Rights Party, but her support of free love (the idea that women should be able to choose who they wanted to marry, have complete sexual freedom of their own bodies, and divorce their husbands once a relationship ended—see her second “husband” above for more details), gave Victoria many enemies. One of the men who criticized Victoria was having an adulterous affair. To get back at him, and prove his hypocrisy, Victoria and her sister Tennie used their newspaper to spread word of the affair, leading to their arrest. They were cleared of the charges six months later, but only after spending $500,000 on various fines and fees.

After all that ended, Victoria’s second “husband” left the picture and Victoria and her sister continued other pursuits. They stopped publishing their newspaper, contested Cornelius Vanderbilt’s Will after he died, and eventually settled in England. While there, Victoria continued to earn money by going on lecture tours. At one such event she met her soon-to-be third husband.

After her wedding, Victoria began a new publication, and joined the UK’s Suffragette Movement. Around this time, she also started to distance herself from her previous, more radical views on free love. After her third husband died in 1901, Victoria permanently retired from public life, but she wasn’t entirely through working. Victoria spent her final years working on conserving the home of George Washington’s ancestors.

Oh, and by the way, she ran for US President a second time in 1892.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located In My Personal Library:

Revolutionary Women by Peter Pauper Press

Uppity Women Speak Their Minds by Vicki Leon

The Husband Hunters by Anne de Courcy

Sources:

https://ehistory.osu.edu/biographies/victoria-woodhull

https://www.history.com/news/9-things-you-should-know-about-victoria-woodhull

https://www.womenofthehall.org/inductee/victoria-woodhull/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/victoria-woodhull-ran-for-president-before-women-had-the-right-to-vote-180959038/

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/8616083/victoria-california-woodhull

Courtesy of Variety

607: Chandra Levy

She’s Remembered For Her Death Rather Than How She Lived

Born: 14 April 1977, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Died: c. 1 May 2001, Washington DC, United States of America

Chandra was a murdered United States Federal Bureau of Prisons Intern who was missing for over a year before her body was discovered in a park not far from where she usually jogged.

Chandra had ended an affair with a Democrat politician before her death and so the media decided he was her killer. The politician in question lost his congressional bid despite being NOT guilty.

Chandra earned a bachelor’s degree in journalism and was working on a master’s degree in public administration in Washington DC.

She disappeared the day she was supposed to move back to California.

An illegal immigrant who had been charged with her murder was deported back to El Salvador in 2017. In 2010, he was convicted and sentenced to sixty years in prison for her murder. However, he was later granted a new trial and in 2016 all charges against him were dropped.

In 2016, ABC's 20/20 Covered the Chandra Levy Case, fifteen years later. I have linked the first part of the documentary episode here in the article.

As of 2020, Chandra’s murder remains unsolved.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located In My Personal Library:

The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes by Michael Newton

Sources:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/the-recording-that-undid-the-chandra-levy-murder-case/2016/08/06/0ce8b72a-5b45-11e6-9767-f6c947fd0cb8_story.html

https://observer.com/2017/12/does-john-conyers-know-who-murdered-chandra-levy/

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6439561/chandra-ann-levy

These are the People born in the state of Ohio in the United States of America.

Entries:

  1. Chandra Levy, Political Intern Remembered for Her Brutal Murder
  2. Dorothy Kamenshek, All-American Girls' Professional Baseball League Player
  3. Flora Call Disney, Walt and Roy's Mother
  4. Harriet Taylor Upton, Women's Suffrage Advocate, Political Icon, Dazzling Daughter, Need I Go On...
  5. John Glenn, United States Armed Forces Veteran and the First Man to Step Foot on the Moon
  6. Specialist Fourth-Class Joseph LaPointe Jr, Medal of Honor Recipient For His Actions in the Vietnam War
  7. Katharine Wright Haskell, Supportive Sister and So Much More
  8. Phoebe "Annie Oakley" Moses-Butler, One of the Most Famous Sharpshooters of All Time
  9. Susanna Salter, The First Female Elected Mayor in US History
  10. Sergeant Sylvester Antolak, Medal of Honor Recipient For His Actions in World War II
  11. Victoria Woodhull, The First Woman to Run for US President

This Page is a Directory Page For the States, Territories, and Other Places That Fall Under the Umbrella of the United States. If the entry is highlighted orange then that means entries who were born there have been uploaded. If they are grey, hopefully that means entries are coming soon!

Courtesy of Wikipedia

170) Sergeant Sylvester Antolak

Medal of Honor Recipient who was Awarded the Honor After Charging 200 Yards Through Open Terrain to Destroy a German Machine Gun Nest

Born: 10 September 1916, Saint Clairsville, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 24 May 1944, Cisterna di Latina, Italy

Sylvester ran thirty yards ahead of the rest of his squad through machine gun, rifle, and pistol fire.

He was shot and knocked to his feet three times, but he kept getting back up and kept going. His right arm was completely shattered and yet he managed to wedge his gun under his uninjured arm—he killed two enemy combatants and single-handedly got the other ten to surrender. Sylvester then continued without medical treatment and made it three-fourths of the way to the next enemy stronghold before being struck down and instantly killed.

His squad was so inspired they quickly took over the rest of the enemy combatants.

Sylvester was the youngest son of Polish immigrants from a small town in Ohio (whose population today is 6,000) and he led Audie Murphy into this very battle.

He is featured in the Netflix series Medal of Honor.

I've included the trailer for the series in this article.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Sources:

https://themedalofhonor.com/medal-of-honor-recipients/recipients/antolak-sylvester-world-war-two

https://heavy.com/news/2018/11/sylvester-antolak/

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/55821588/sylvester-antolak

Courtesy of the National Women's History Museum

"I for one feel confident that your good judgement will carry America safely through without war--but in case of such an event I am ready to place a Company of fifty Lady sharpshooters at your disposal," -Annie in a letter to President William McKinley

132) Phoebe Moses-Butler

"I ain't afraid to Love a man. I ain't afraid to shoot him either."

Born: 13 August 1860, Dark County, Ohio, United States of America

Died: 3 November 1926, Greenville, Ohio, United States of America

Also Known As: Annie Oakley or Little Sure Shot

Her father died when she was six leaving Annie’s mother to raise six small children alone.

Her mother remarried and her new husband died leaving her with another baby.

Annie was soon sent to the Darke County Infirmary where she was given an education and taught to sew—a skill she’d later use to make her own costumes. She would be sent to live with a horribly abusive couple she could only refer to as “The Wolves” before going back to the infirmary and then finally home to her mother when she was thirteen or fourteen.

Her mother had remarried again and now Annie used her father’s rifle to hunt and sell game to the local grocers for money. One of the animals she hunted at this time was the Passenger Pigeon, which went extinct from over-hunting. in 1914.

At the age of fifteen Annie paid off her mother’s $200 mortgage from her hunting.

It was from this skill as a shooter that she met her husband—competing against him in a turkey shoot (she got a perfect 25/25 while Frank received 24/25). They were married in 1876 (despite Annie’s family not approving—she was 17 to his 30).

Annie and Frank first appeared onstage together in 1882 after Frank’s partner was ill and Annie stepped in.

In March of 1884 Annie befriended Sitting Bull—leader of the Lakota Tribe. Sitting Bull and Annie became fast friends—he even adopted her into the tribe and gave her the name of Watanya Cicilla—Little Sure Shot.

In 1885 Annie and Frank joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. They would stay with the show for sixteen years and Annie took center stage with Frank retiring to be her manager behind the scenes.

They retired from the professional arena in 1913.

During both the Spanish-American War and World War I Annie volunteered to raise up a regiment of shooting women—the federal government declined her request both times. She volunteered for several veteran’s charities and the Red Cross instead.

In 1922 Annie and Frank were in a bad car wreck—dashing her plans for a comeback and starring in a major motion picture. Annie never fully recovered and after fifty years of marriage she passed away—with Frank following three weeks later.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located in my Personal Library:

Buffalo Bill's Wild West: An American Experience by Robert Lawrence

Annie Oakley by Chuck Wills

Annie Oakley by Ginger Wadsworth

Haunted West: Legendary Tales From the Frontier (Magazine Published by Centennial Today, Fall 2020)

The Old West by Stephen G Hyslop

Princesses Behaving Badly by Linda Rodriguez McRobbie

Revolutionary Women From Colonists to Suffragettes by Peter Pauper Press Inc

Uppity Women Speak Their Minds by Vicki León

Who Was Annie Oakley? By Stephanie Spinner

Women Who Charmed the West by Anne Seagraves

Sources:

https://centerofthewest.org/explore/buffalo-bill/research/annie-oakley/

https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/895762.Annie_Oakley

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/774/annie-oakley

The Books linked above as well ^^

Personal Note:

I first heard Annie’s story when I was seven or eight years old. She was the first woman from history to grab my attention and kept me hooked, all these years later. Without her, I might have never found Hypatia in a roundabout way or started this project all together. So, here’s to you Annie, and I’m sorry I mispronounced your name (Phoebe) for a solid three years before anyone bothered to correct me. It’s not phoh-bee, its Phee-bee, got it!