Courtesy of ThoughtCo

213: Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova

Russian Grand Duchess and The Most Famous Child in Her Family

Born: 18 June 1901, St. Petersburg, Imperial Russia (Present-day St. Petersburg, Russia)

Died: 17 July 1918, Yekaterinburg, Bolshevik Controlled Russia, (Present-day Yekaterinburg, Russia)

In 1916, the entire imperial family became political prisoners to the new Bolshevik Regime after Nicholas II (Anastasia's father and the Tsar) abdicated the throne amid political and social upheaval and turmoil. In July of 1918, the Bolsheviks determined it was too dangerous to let the family live and ordered the executions of them all.

The four sisters, Alexei, their parents, and several servants were all shot and bayoneted to death in the basement of the house they were staying in.

Anastasia has clung to fame more so than her other family members because after their deaths several women claimed to be her—somehow surviving the terrible night in the basement and wanting to live like a royal. A children’s animated film was also created which is loosely based on her story, but the fact that Rasputin is the villain shoes just how inaccurate the film truly is.

Anastasia and most of her family’s bodies were uncovered in 1976 but were kept secret until the collapse of the Soviet Union when it was safe for them to be brought forward. Genetic testing concluded the bodies were the royal family and that Anastasia had in fact died with the rest of her family.

The false story of her survival lives on in both a play, live action film, and an animated children’s film, she had three older sisters and one younger brother.

Note:

Anastasia’s Actual Title in Russian was Velikaya Knyazhna—a more accurate English Translation would be The Grand Princess. Her title also made her an Imperial Princess, which made her higher ranking than all other European Princesses who were “only” Royal Highnesses.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located in My Personal Library:

Alexandra: The Last Tsarina by Carolly Erickson

Lost Bodies by Jenni Davis

National Geographic History Magazine Article "Death of a Dynasty" sub-article "Michael the First Romanov" (July/August 2018 Edition)

The Race to Save the Romanovs: The Truth Behind the Secret Plans to Save the Russian Royal Family by Helen Rappaport

Risked by Margaret Peterson Haddix (Historical Fiction)

The Romanov Sisters by Helen Rappaport

Sources:

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Anastasia-Russian-grand-duchess

https://www.biography.com/royalty/anastasia-romanov

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6612434/anastasia-nikolaevna-romanova