Courtesy of Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

“I will have nothing to do with that bomb!”

-Lise's Response to The Manhattan Project

382: Lise Meitner

Physicist Who Worked With Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics

Born: 17 November 1878, Vienna, Austria

Died: 27 October 1968, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Lise earned her doctorate in physics in 1906.

She co-discovered the element protactinium in 1918.

In 1923, Lise discovered a radiation-less transition that would later become known as the Auger Effect after it was rediscovered by a man named Auger two years later.

After fleeing German occupied Austria in 1938 (due to her being born Jewish, though she was by then a practicing Protestant) she co-discovered nuclear fission—the scientific principle which would lead Einstein to write President Franklin D Roosevelt warning of atomic power.

In 1944, Lise’s co-discoverer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work but she was ignored.

In 1992, the heaviest known element in the universe—element 109—was named Meitnerium in her honor.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located In My Personal Library:

Women in Science by Rachel Ignotofsky

Who Knew? Women in History by Sarah Herman

Sources:

https://www.sdsc.edu/ScienceWomen/meitner.html

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/15166236/lise-meitner

https://www.atomicheritage.org/profile/lise-meitner