Courtesy of History of Royal Women

197: Mumtaz Mahal

Empress Consort of the Mughal Empire

Born: 27 April 1593, Present-day Agra, India

Died: 17 June 1631, Present-day Burhanpur, India

Original Name: Arjumand Banu Begum

Her common name (Mumtaz Mahal) means “Beloved Ornament [or Jewel] of the Palace.”

Her aunt on her father’s side was Nur-Jahan—who also became her mother-in-law and was married to the Emperor Jahangir.

Mumtaz was a Shi’a Muslim and married at age nineteen to Prince Khurram (Throne Name Emperor Shah Jahan I).

She was his third and favorite wife.

Mumtaz is recorded as having no political ambition of her own though she did travel with him across the empire and during military campaigns she would intervene on behalf of the poor and destitute at times.

She died in during the birth of their fourteenth child—devastating the Emperor (that child and seven of their other thirteen would die at or just after their births).

It is said that on her deathbed she asked him to build a monument to their love and to never marry again—both of which he immediately agreed to.

Her mausoleum is the Taj Mahal—which was finished twenty-three years after she died—a monument and testament to how much her husband loved her.

Badges Earned:

Find a Grave Marked

Located In My Personal Library:

Royal Love Stories by Gill Paul

National Geographic History Magazine Article "Monument to Love: Taj Mahal" written by Eva Fernandez Del Campo (January/February 2022 Edition)